The influence of changes in sprint ability on the sled velocity profile during the skeleton start

Sprint times are key predictors of skeleton start petformance, but the effect of enhancing sprint ability on the development of sled velocity is unknown. Twelve well-trained skeleton athletes performed three dry-land push-starts and three 30-m sprints before and after 16 training weeks. Sled velocity profiles were characterised using three descriptors (pre-load velocity, pre-load distance and load effectiveness) and a sled acceleration index was used to evaluate performance. Increases in pre-load velocity and distance were related to improved sprint times. However, enhanced sprint ability did not guarantee a faster start as reductions in load effectiveness were also observed when higher velocities were attained. Coaches could supplement physical conditioning with load technique training to potentially improve the transfer of training-induced sled velocity increases across the loading phase.
© Copyright 2016 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference Proceedings. Springer. Published by International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. All rights reserved.

Subjects: skeleton start sprint technique training biomechanics acceleration
Notations: technical sports
Published in: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference Proceedings
Editors: M. Ae, Y. Enomoto, N. Fujii, H. Takagi
Published: Tsukuba International Society of Biomechanics in Sports 2016
Volume: 34
Issue: 1
Pages: 561-564
Document types: congress proceedings
electronical journal
Language: English
Level: advanced