Measurement of sliding velocity on ice, as a function of temperature, runner load and roughness, in a skeleton push-start facility

The sliding velocity on ice, as opposed to coefficient of friction measurements, is proposed to show the effect of experimental conditions on the sliding velocity. A sled was positioned with one runner in a groove and the other on flat ice and then released to slide 25 m down an ice track. The sliding velocity was calculated from 20 repeat experiments using runners with a different roughness (polished vs abraded) under different loads (30 kg, 40 kg and 50 kg) and at a range of air temperatures (-15 °C, -10 °C, -2 °C, 0 °C and 2 °C). The error in sliding velocity was sufficiently small (0.15%) to clearly show the effect of different parameters, and allowed trends to be identified. Sliding velocity was mostly influenced by a change in temperature, then by a change in load, and then the runner roughness. The highest speed was recorded at 0 °C, when the roughness and intermediate loads played a larger effect on the sliding velocity. The results are discussed in reference to solid friction, movement over a water film, and the mechanical properties of the ice. Measuring the sliding velocity, with a controlled release mechanism on the sled obviates the operator related error, and also provides a good insight on the influence of different conditions, instead of measuring the ice friction and making predictions of the acceleration and the resulting sliding velocity.
© Copyright 2018 Cold Regions Science and Technology. Elsevier. All rights reserved.

Subjects: bobsledding luge skeleton sports equipment performance resistance velocity start temperature weight acceleration
Notations: technical sports technical and natural sciences
DOI: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2018.03.015
Published in: Cold Regions Science and Technology
Published: 2018
Volume: 151
Issue: Juli
Pages: 260-266
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced