Consistency in the badminton jump smash

The game of badminton is dynamic and regarded as one of the fastest racket sports in the world. Players need to have good technical ability to make their game more effective. However, there have only been a few studies in the field of badminton which have primarily focused on the technique of different strokes. The majority of studies have concentrated on overhead shots, for example: comparing technique in the clear for players of different levels (Sorensen, 2010); comparing the kinematics of three different overhead strokes (Tsai et al., 2000); and comparing the arm movement between male and female players while performing a smash (Salim et al., 2010). The smash is an important stroke in badminton with over 50% of winning shots coming from this stroke (Tong & Hong, 2000). A smash can be defined as an overhead shot where the shuttle is hit with speed and power so that the shuttlecock would go downward sharply (Ballou, 1992). There are two kinds of smash, the jump and standing smash. The performance of a badminton smash is usually assessed by measuring the velocity of the shuttlecock. Tsai et al. (1998) reported that the average shuttlecock velocity of elite players for a standing smash was 63 m/s and 54 m/s for college players. It was found that these velocities increased by 15-20% while performing jump smashes. The ability to perform the smash consistently is crucial and may be a key performance indicator for the difference between high and low level players. Having low variability in the shuttlecock speed is important to perform the smash consistently. In addition to the speed of the shuttlecock, the direction of the shuttlecock is also an essential aspect of the smash. Badminton players usually direct the shuttlecock to the side line or to the body of the opponent. Both targets require high accuracy of the smash. If the player misses the court area, the smash would be out and the opponent would win the point. On the other hand, if the player misses a target on the body of the opponent, the opponent would be more likely to return the smash. Therefore, having a consistent smash, in terms of both the speed and direction of the shuttlecock is important.
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Subjects: badminton attack technique analysis biomechanics
Notations: sport games
Published: Kuala Lumpur World Badminton Federation 2016
Pages: 1-12
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced