Relationships between maximal anaerobic power of the arms and legs and javelin performance

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine relationships between maximal anaerobic power, as measured by leg and arm force-velocity tests, estimates of local muscle volume and javelin performance. Methods: Ten trained national level male javelin throwers (mean age 19.6± 2 years) participated in this study. Maximal anaerobic power, maximal force and maximal velocity were measured during leg (Wmax-L) and arm (Wmax-A) force-velocity tests, performed on appropriately modified forms of Monark cycle ergometer. Estimates of leg and arm muscle volume were made using a standard anthropometric kit. Results: Maximal force of the leg (Fmax-L) was significantly correlated with estimated leg muscle volume (r=0.71, P<0.05). Wmax-L and Wmax-A were both significantly correlated with javelin performance (r=0.76, P<0.01; r=0.71, P <0.05, respectively). Maximal velocity of the leg (Vmax-L) was also significantly correlated with throwing performance (r=0.83; P<0.001). Conclusion: Wmax of both legs and arms were significantly correlated with javelin performance, the closest correlation being for Wmax-L; this emphasizes the importance of the leg muscles in this sport. Fmax-L and Vmax-L were related to muscle volume and to javelin performance, respectively. Force-velocity testing may have value in regulating conditioning and rehabilitation in sports involving throwing.
© Copyright 2007 The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. Edizioni Minerva Medica. All rights reserved.

Subjects: javelin throw performance strength anaerobic arm leg relation
Notations: strength and speed sports technical and natural sciences
Published in: The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Published: 2007
Volume: 47
Issue: 2
Pages: 141-146
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced