The relative age effect in elite sport: The French case

The relative age effect (RAE) is considered a common phenomenon in elite sport. However, it has not been examined systematically in previous research, and the mechanisms likely to generate or to limit such an effect are little understood. This paper investigates the prevalence of the RAE in French professional championship-level players, taking into account the potential influence of gender. Among all investigated sports, no statistically significant RAE was found, except for male ice hockey. For male handball and rugby union a trend was detected, but the RAE did not appear statistically significant. In line with previous studies, no significant RAEs were found in female elite sports. The results are discussed with regard to the potential mechanisms underlying RAE.
© Copyright 2009 Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD). All rights reserved.

Subjects: age sex sports game France icehockey rugby handball soccer basketball volleyball
Notations: biological and medical sciences sport games training science
Tagging: Geburtstag relatives Alter RAE
Published in: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Published: 2009
Volume: 80
Issue: 2
Pages: 336-344
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced