Dehydration and sodium deficit during indoor practice in elite European male team players

Aspects of team players' performance are negatively affected when ~ 2% body mass is lost by perspiration. Although such dehydration is likely reached during summer practice in outdoors sports, it is unclear if such dehydration is achieved during the practice of indoor sports. We assessed the fluid and electrolyte deficits of elite team players during practice for the following indoor sports: indoor soccer (n=9), basketball (n=11), volleyball (n=10), and handball (n=13). Morning hydration status was estimated by measuring urine specific gravity. Sweat rate was calculated from body mass changes and fluid intake. Sweat sodium concentration from the forearm was used to estimate whole-body sodium losses. Over 91% of the players were moderately hypohydrated (urine specific gravity>1.020) at waking 3 h before practice. Indoor soccer players sweated at a higher rate (1.8 litres · h-1) than volleyball and handball players (1.2 and 1.1 litres · h-1, respectively; P<0.05), whereas sweat rate was not different between basketball players (1.5 litres · h-1) and the other team sport players (P>0.05). In average, 62±13% of sweat losses were replaced and teams' body mass loss did not exceed 1.2±0.3%. Sodium losses were similar among teams, averaging 1.2±0.2 g. The exercise fluid replacement habits of professional indoor team players are adequate to prevent 2% dehydration. However, most players could benefit from increasing fluid intake between workouts to offset the high prevalence of morning hypohydration.
© Copyright 2010 European Journal of Sport Science. Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved.

Subjects: soccer volleyball handball high performance sport elite sport load fluid mineral nutrition
Notations: biological and medical sciences sport games training science
DOI: 10.1080/17461391003632022
Published in: European Journal of Sport Science
Published: 2010
Volume: 10
Issue: 5
Pages: 329-336
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced