Predicting the throwing velocity of the ball in handball with anthropometric variables and isotonic tests

The aims of this study were to (1) investigate the influence of general anthropometric variables, handball-specific anthropometric variables, and upper-limb power and strength on ball-throwing velocity in a standing position (?ball), and (2) predict this velocity using multiple regression methods. Forty-two skilled male handball players (age 21.0 ± 3.0 years; height = 1.81 ± 0.07 m; body mass = 78.3 ± 11.3 kg) participated in the study. We measured general anthropometric variables (height, body mass, lean mass, body mass index) and handball-specific anthropometric parameters (hand size, arm span). Upper-limb dynamic strength was assessed using a medicine ball (2 kg) throwing test, and power using a one-repetition maximum bench-press test. All the variables studied were correlated with ball velocity. Medicine ball throwing performance was the best predictor (r = 0.80). General anthropometric variables were better predictors (r = 0.55–0.70) than handball-specific anthropometric variables (r = 0.35–0.51). The best multiple regression model accounted for 74% of the total variance and included body mass, medicine ball throwing performance, and power output in the 20-kg bench press. The equation formulated could help trainers, athletes, and professionals detect future talent and test athletes' current fitness
© Copyright 2011 Journal of Sports Sciences. Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved.

Subjects: handball velocity throws prognosis relation anthropometry strength
Notations: sport games
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2011.552112
Published in: Journal of Sports Sciences
Published: 2011
Volume: 29
Issue: 7
Pages: 705-713
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced