Network approaches for expert decisions in sports

This paper focuses on a model comparison to explain choices based on gaze behavior via simulation procedures. We tested two classes of models, a parallel constraint satisfaction (PCS) artificial neuronal network model and an accumulator model in a handball decision-making task from a lab experiment. Both models predict action in an option-generation task in which options can be chosen from the perspective of a playmaker in handball (i.e., passing to another player or shooting at the goal). Model simulations are based on a dataset of generated options together with gaze behavior measurements from 74 expert handball players for 22 pieces of video footage. We implemented both classes of models as deterministic vs. probabilistic models including and excluding fitted parameters. Results indicated that both classes of models can fit and predict participants’ initially generated options based on gaze behavior data, and that overall, the classes of models performed about equally well. Early fixations were thereby particularly predictive for choices. We conclude that the analyses of complex environments via network approaches can be successfully applied to the field of experts’ decision making in sports and provide perspectives for further theoretical developments.
© Copyright 2012 Human Movement Science. Elsevier. Published by Elsevier. All rights reserved.

Subjects: analysis investigation method competition sports game tactics expert system handball
Notations: technical and natural sciences sport games
Tagging: neurales Netzwerk Expertensystem Experten
DOI: 10.1016/j.humov.2010.11.002
Published in: Human Movement Science
Published: Elsevier 2012
Volume: 31
Issue: 2
Pages: 318-333
Document types: electronical publication
Language: English
Level: advanced