A new dimension to relative age effects: Constant year effects in German youth handball

In this manuscript we argue for a broader use of the term ‘relative age effect’ due to the influence of varying development policies on the development of sport expertise. Two studies are presented on basis of data from Schorer, et al. [1]. The first showed clear ‘constant year effects’ in the German handball talent development system. A shift in year groupings for the female athletes resulted in a clear shift of birth year patterns. In the second study we investigated whether the constant year effect in the national talent development system carried over to professional handball. No patterns were observable. Together both studies show that a differentiation of varying effects that often happen simultaneously is necessary to understand the secondary mechanisms behind the development of sport expertise.
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Subjects: age youth junior elite sport handball Germany promotion sports federation definition theory talent selection aptitude performance development
Notations: junior sports sport games
Tagging: RAE relativer Alterseffekt relatives Alter
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060336
Published in: PLOSOne
Published: 2013
Volume: 8
Issue: 4
Pages: e60336
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced