Upper-body kinematics in team-handball throw, tennis serve, and volleyball spike

Overarm movements are essential skills in many different sport games; however, the adaptations to different sports are not well understood. The aim of the study was to analyze upper-body kinematics in the team-handball throw, tennis serve, and volleyball spike, and to calculate differences in the proximal-to-distal sequencing and joint movements. Three-dimensional kinematic data were analyzed via the Vicon motion capturing system. The subjects (elite players) were instructed to perform a team-handball jump throw, tennis serve, and volleyball spike with a maximal ball velocity and to hit a specific target. Significant differences (P < 0.05) between the three overarm movements were found in 17 of 24 variables. The order of the proximal-to-distal sequencing was equal in the three analyzed overarm movements. Equal order of the proximal-to-distal sequencing and similar angles in the acceleration phase suggest there is a general motor pattern in overarm movements. However, overarm movements appear to be modifiable in situations such as for throwing or hitting a ball with or without a racket, and due to differences at takeoff (with one or two legs).
© Copyright 2014 Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. Blackwell Publishing. All rights reserved.

Subjects: volleyball attack technique analysis biomechanics cinematography thorax angel velocity handball movement movement co-ordination throws tennis
Notations: sport games training science
Tagging: Aufschlag
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2012.01503.x
Published in: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Published: 2014
Volume: 24
Issue: 2
Pages: 345-354
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced