Associations between javelin throwing technique and upper extremity kinetics

Javelin throwing requires great release speeds, necessitating javelin throwers to generate high forces. Their techniques exert significant musculoskeletal stress, which may cause injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between javelin throwing technique and upper extremity kinetics. Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were reduced from video of javelin throwers competing in the USATF Championships. Correlations between elbow and shoulder kinetics and technique variables were calculated. High forces and torques were associated with the orientation of the javelin, shoulder horizontal adduction, and elbow flexion during the throw. These variables may be modified to reduce injury risk, however, they are also related to improved performance.
© Copyright 2013 International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference Proceedings. Springer. Published by International Society of Biomechanics in Sports. All rights reserved.

Subjects: biomechanics analysis javelin throw mechanics shoulder performance approach cinematography movement
Notations: technical and natural sciences strength and speed sports
Published in: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference Proceedings
Editors: T. Y. Shiang, W. H. Ho, P. C. Huang, C. L. Tsai
Published: Taipei International Society of Biomechanics in Sports 2013
Volume: 31
Issue: 1
Pages: P03-17 ID217
Document types: congress proceedings
electronical journal
article
Language: English
Level: advanced