Biomechanical analysis of anticipation of elite and inexperienced goalkeepers to distance shots in handball

The objective of this study was to evaluate the anticipation time and kinematic factors in the movement of goalkeepers’ center of mass when making a long-distance throw in handball. The sample group was composed of 14 goalkeepers and field players. A force platform was used to measure the force of the goalkeepers’ reaction movements, while the throwers’ movements were recorded with high-speed cameras. The expert goalkeepers began to move 193 ± 67 ms before the ball was released, with a 67% success rate of interception. The inexperienced goalkeepers began their movement 209 ± 127 ms with a 24% success rate. The time taken by expert goalkeepers to begin a vertical movement of their CM, relative to the moment of the ball’s release, was less than the time taken by inexperienced goalkeepers (77 ± 70 vs. 141 ± 108 ms respectively). The analysis of the velocity and movement indicates that expert goalkeepers wait longer before moving than do inexperienced goalkeepers.
© Copyright 2012 Journal of Human Kinetics. de Gruyter. All rights reserved.

Subjects: sports game handball playing position (sport games) anticipation perception throws high performance sport elite sport eye
Notations: sport games
Tagging: Torwart Torwart
DOI: 10.2478/v10078-012-0062-0
Published in: Journal of Human Kinetics
Published: 2012
Volume: 34
Issue: 1
Pages: 41-48
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced