Best life times of top athletes, Olympic records, world records, and any doping information were collected from the IOC, IAAF, WADA and national anti-doping associations. About 1560 records of male and female athletes in 22 disciplines of summer and 4 winter sports were collected. Data were analysed for long-term effects of doping using non-linear regression techniques. Comparisons were made of pre-1932 records (when steroids became available) and post. Analyses were repeated using 1967, when widespread use of doping was formally acknowledged. After these dates records in a number of disciplines did not improve as predicted by extrapolation of pre-doping years results. Averaged best life records for doped top athletes did not differ significantly from those considered non-doped. Even assuming that not all cases of doping were discovered, the practice did not alter sporting records as commonly believed, Doping may be damaging image of sports without benefitting results.
© Copyright 2014 Journal of Human Sport & Exercise. University of Alicante. All rights reserved.
|Subjects:||doping relation performance performance development international track and field speed skating skijumping short-distance running middle distance running steeplechase long distance running race walking hurdles multiple event high jump pole vault long jump triple jump javelin throw hammer throw discus throw|
|Notations:||theory and social foundations|
|Published in:||Journal of Human Sport & Exercise|