The structure of volleyball playing dispositions in players aged 14 15, candidates for the polish national team
Skills of players in complex game situations are conditioned by the range and level of their ontogenetic dispositions, which are usually classified into psychological, intellectual, coordinative, fitness-related, organizational and social. A players highly developed dispositions may form new qualitative complexes of dispositions, called interdispositions, being effects of the players dispositional synergy. The study aims at a multi- and interdisciplinary identification of dispositions to play volleyball in young players with a high level of playing skills, necessary to achieve the games objectives.
The range of volleyball skills includes service, reception, game tactics, offensive action, blocking and defensive action skills. The subjects for the study were 84 talented young volleyball players, aged 14-15. The methods used in the study included pedagogical tests and anthropometric measurements.
The analysis of the collected data showed that the highest percentage of players were distinguished by their intellectual potential (IQ, 19%), body mass (19%) and the level of specialist knowledge (17.9%). The lowest percentage of players were distinguished by their short response time to the test of knowledge (10.7%) and jumping ability (11.9%). The applied model of internal synergy constituted a structure of dispositions on a significantly high level featured by one of the players. In order to achieve the aim of the study, a multidisciplinary approach to players dispositions was adopted, combining elements of psychology, anthropomotorics and theory of sports games.
The high percentage of players with higher than average levels of two different dispositions constitutes an important factor in seeking interdispositions, i.e. internal interdispositional synergy. It might be assumed that the fitness interdisposition is composed of speed?strength?jumping ability dispositions. The intellectual (semantic-cognitive) interdisposition consists of specialist knowledge and intellectual potential. If a player features a very high level of two different dispositions, not only his dispositions, but also interdispositions can be determined. A player with a high level of skills in solving different situations during a game who presents high levels of dispositions is a player with an interdisposition of rational and dynamic action.
© Copyright 2006 Human Movement. AWF Wroclaw. All rights reserved.
|Subjects:||volleyball junior elite sport Poland test skill ability body indices jump decision behavior movement precision reaction speed movement speed|
|Notations:||sport games junior sports training science biological and medical sciences|
|Published in:||Human Movement|