The science of badminton: Games characteristics, anthropometry, physiology, visual fitness and biomechanics

Badminton is a racket sport for two or four people, with a temporal structure characterized by actions of short duration and high intensity. This sport has five events: men’s and women’s singles, men’s and women’s doubles, and mixed doubles, each requiring specific preparation in terms of technique, control and physical fitness. Badminton is one of the most popular sports in the world, with 200 million adherents. The decision to include badminton in the 1992 Olympics Game increased participation in the game. This review focuses on the game characteristics, anthropometry, physiology, visual attributes and biomechanics of badminton. Players are generally tall and lean, with an ectomesomorphic body type suited to the high physiological demands of a match. Indeed, a typical match characteristic is a rally time of 7 s and a resting time of 15 s, with an effective playing time of 31 %. This sport is highly demanding, with an average heart rate (HR) of over 90 % of the player’s maximal HR. The intermittent actions during a game are demanding on both the aerobic and anaerobic systems: 60–70 % on the aerobic system and approximately 30 % on the anaerobic system, with greater demand on the alactic metabolism with respect to the lactic anaerobic metabolism. The shuttlecock has an atypical trajectory, and the players perform specific movements such as lunging and jumping, and powerful strokes using a specific pattern of movement. Lastly, badminton players are visually fit, picking up accurate visual information in a short time. Knowledge of badminton can help to improve coaching and badminton skills.
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Subjects: badminton training competition technique tactics anthropometry sport physiology load load intensity biomechanics perception anticipation eye
Notations: sport games biological and medical sciences technical and natural sciences training science
DOI: 10.1007/s40279-014-0287-2
Published in: Sports Medicine
Published: 2015
Volume: 45
Issue: 4
Pages: 473-495
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced