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Effect of a 6-week speed and strenght training on the female fencers during preparatory period

Introduction: Fencing is a sport involving high-intensity performance and short recovery breaks (Tsolakis et al. 2006). Therefore, the assessment of explosive strength and running speed are crucial for the assessment of the effectiveness of applied training load. There are numbers of studies regarding the effectiveness of speed and strength training in different sports (Jastrzebski et al., 2014). Therefore the main aim of this work is to study the effectiveness of 6-week speed and strength training in elite female fencers during preparatory period. Methods: Ten elite female fencers volunteered for the study (21±2.79yr, 64.73 ± 7.98kg, 172.3 ± 5.6cm). Explosive power was measured by tensometric mat (Smart Jump Mat 120 x 120 cm - Fusion Sport, Cooper Plains, Australia). The subjects performed a single vertical jump with arms swing (Hfmax) and a series of maximal vertical jumps with arms swing within 10s period (Hfmean). After 10 min of recovery, running speed of 5, 10m was measured by double photocells (Smart Speed, Fusion Sport, Cooper Plains, Australia). Total anaerobic work and peak power were measured by 30-s Wingate test on cycloergometer (Monark Ergomedic 894 E, Monark, Sweden). Statistical analyses were performed using STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 10 software (StatSoft, Inc., 2013). Results: Significant differences (p<0.05) were revealed for maximal power (PRE, 8.76±0.95W/kg; POST, 9.25±0.68W/kg) and total work (PRE, 208.82±18.76j/kg; POST, 217.41±18.92J/kg) for the female fencers after the 6-week experiment. Moreover, a considerable (p<0.05) improvement in running speed on the distance of 10m was observed (PRE, 2.08±0.15s ; POST, 1.99±0.15s ) though no relevant differences occurred for 5m run (PRE, 1.18±0.07s ; POST, 1.16±0.06s). No significant differences were stated for power tested during vertical jump (PRE, 32.76±4.31W/kg; POST, 32.65±3.52W/kg), nor for the mean values of 10s jumps (PRE, 30.74±4.24W/kg; POST, 30.11±3.53W/kg) measured for the subjects after the 6-week experiment. Discusion: The results of the study regarding running speed and explosive strength proved effectiveness of the applied speed and strength training over a 6-week period. Similar results regarding this type of training program were revealed in the studies by Tsolakis et. al., (2006) conducted on male fencers and by Jastrzebski et al., (2014) who tested football players during several-week training experiments including speed and explosive power drills. The literature available does not provide research data regarding the effectiveness of the speed and explosive strength training of elite female fencers.
© Copyright 2014 19th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), Amsterdam, 2. -5. July 2014. Published by VU University Amsterdam. All rights reserved.

Subjects: preparation period training speed strength fencing female high performance sport elite sport
Notations: combat sports
Published in: 19th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), Amsterdam, 2. -5. July 2014
Editors: A. De Haan, C. J. De Ruiter, E. Tsolakidis
Published: Amsterdam VU University Amsterdam 2014
Pages: 701-702
Document types: congress proceedings
Language: English
Level: advanced