Response time, visual search strategy, and anticipatory skills in volleyball players

This paper aimed at comparing expert and novice volleyball players in a visuomotor task using realistic stimuli. Videos of a volleyball setter performing offensive action were presented to participants, while their eye movements were recorded by a head-mounted video based eye tracker. Participants were asked to foresee the direction (forward or backward) of the setter’s toss by pressing one of two keys. Key-press response time, response accuracy, and gaze behaviour were measured from the first frame showing the setter’s hand-ball contact to the button pressed by the participants. Experts were faster and more accurate in predicting the direction of the setting than novices, showing accurate predictions when they used a search strategy involving fewer fixations of longer duration, as well as spending less time in fixating all display areas from which they extract critical information for the judgment. These results are consistent with the view that superior performance in experts is due to their ability to efficiently encode domain-specific information that is relevant to the task.
© Copyright 2014 Journal of Ophthalmology. All rights reserved.

Subjects: volleyball elite sport beginners' training perception eye anticipation skill reaction speed decision behavior movement velocity movement precision
Notations: sport games training science
DOI: 10.1155/2014/189268
Published in: Journal of Ophthalmology
Published: 2014
Issue: 189268
Pages: 1-10
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced