Structure, conditions and development of opponents feeling in opinion of high advanced wrestlers and athletes of selected combat sports
The level of coordination abilities is of crucial importance in combat sports and martial arts. Its particular and very specific manifestation is the opponents feeling which exerts a considerable impact on the effectiveness of the fight. Despite the considerable importance of the opponents feeling this problem has been treated very marginally so far . The proof of the fact is the lack of very little number of publications [2, 19] and attempts to define the notion, to describe its structure and conditions of development. PURPOSE: of the work was: 1. Define the term of opponents feeling in combat sports and martial arts competitors. 2. Specify components (structure) of opponents feeling. 3. Define the conditions of high level of opponents feeling. 4. Attempt to establish the conditions affecting the opponents feeling and methods of its development. 5. Look for reserves as far as the development of movement coordination, and focus particularly on its complex manifestation such as opponents feeling, mat feeling etc. MATERIAL and METHOD. Studies were conducted on 154 advanced athletes: wrestlers in classical style (n =50) and female and male wrestlers in free style (n=11+59=70), 20 kyokushinkai karatekas and 14 wrestling coaches. A particularly high level of advancement was recorded for wrestlers, who included former Olympic champions and medal winning athletes of the highest rank. Responses to 12 of them were then processed. The age of studied individuals was within 18-40 years, and the training period was 5-25 years. A questionnaire prepared by W. Starosta and containing 21 questions dealing with opponents feeling was research method. The questions concerned the opponents feeling among representatives of selected of combat sports and martial arts. CONCLUSIONS: 1. A complex manifestation of a high level of coordination abilities such as opponents feeling or mat feeling depend on a number of conditions: level of sport advancement, training experience, length of training period, part of training session, temperature of the surrounding, level of emotions etc. 2. The majority of the questioned observed in the themselves a higher level of opponents feeling during the start training period, rather than during preparatory period. 3. According to the surveyed (45%), the highest level of the opponents feeling occurred in the main/ core part of the training session, and the lowest in its further part (31%). 4. The symptoms of the high level of opponents feeling include: The correct predicting of the opponents intentions; Proper psychic attitude; The certainty of the fight; The improper of opponents feeling is the lack of these symptoms.
© Copyright 2017 International scientific and professional conference on wrestling: "Applicable research in wrestling. All rights reserved.
|Subjects:||combat sport wrestling karate coach feeling athlete coordinative ability training high performance sport elite sport training method training programme training planning training concept perception action regulation decision behavior theory cognition psychic characteristics|
|Published in:||International scientific and professional conference on wrestling: "Applicable research in wrestling|
|Editors:||M. Baic, P. Drid, W. Starosta, D. Curby, H. Karnincic|
Library series: Vol. 40
|Document types:||congress proceedings