The differences in acceleration, maximal speed and agility between soccer, basketball, volleyball and handball players

Complex reaction speed, acceleration, maximum speed, speed of whole-body change of direction and agility represent the basic components of sport performance mainly in sport games and combat sports. However, contradictory findings have been reported as to the extent of the relationship between the different speed and agility components. This study comprised 117 players (soccer – 56, basketball – 17, volleyball – 20, and handball – 24) playing youth leagues U15-U17 who were assessed for 10-m sprint (acceleration), flying 30-m sprint (maximum speed), triple-jump (special explosiveness) performance, Illinois agility test (speed of whole-body change of direction) and Fitro Agility Check (agility). Low (0.112-0.425 in soccer) correlation coefficients between the factors were found in soccer, while in the other sport games they were medium (0.329-0.623 in basketball; 0.414-0.686 in handball) to high (0.569-0.768 in volleyball). Negative relationship was observed between Triple jump and all other tests performances in all sports games. The findings suggest that specific training procedures for each speed and agility component should be utilized already in junior ages.
© Copyright 2017 Journal of Human Sport & Exercise. University of Alicante. All rights reserved.

Subjects: flexibility speed acceleration sports game handball volleyball basketball soccer reaction speed
Notations: sport games
DOI: 10.14198/jhse.2017.121.06
Published in: Journal of Human Sport & Exercise
Published: 2017
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Pages: 73-82
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced