Sport expertise in perception–action coupling revealed in a visuomotor tracking task

We compared the visuomotor coordination of tennis players with different levels of expertise (Super-Experts, Experts and Non-Experts) in a visuomotor tracking (VMT) task. Participants were asked to track a moving target which could rebound on the sides of a 2D screen. Results indicated that the VMT task allowed the discrimination of expertise. Multiple regression analysis revealed that performance could be explained by the temporal adaptation of participants to rebounds and the number of movement adaptations. Compared to Non-Experts, the Experts had a shorter perturbation time with higher adaptation and regulation. This corresponds to a better perception–action coupling and the predominant use of a prospective control process. Results also indicate that perception–action coupling capacities are transferable to virtual tasks, and allow us to reveal processes of visuomotor coordination that differentiate experts and novices.
© Copyright 2017 European Journal of Sport Science. Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved.

Subjects: perception performance capacity movement precision movement co-ordination cognition high performance sport elite sport junior elite sport
Notations: sport games
Tagging: Tracking
DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2017.1375014
Published in: European Journal of Sport Science
Published: 2017
Volume: 17
Issue: 10
Pages: 1270-1278
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced