Unconscious response inhibition differences between table tennis athletes and non-athletes

Background: Response inhibition is associated with successful sporting performance. However, research on response inhibition in athletes from open-skill sports has mainly focused on a consciously triggered variety; little is known about open-skill athletes’ response inhibition elicited by unconscious stimuli. Methods: Here, we explored unconscious response inhibition differences between table tennis athletes (n = 20) and non-athletes (n = 19) using the masked go/no-go task and event-related potentials technique (ERPs). Results: At the behavioral level, table tennis athletes displayed shorter go-response times (RTs) than non-athletes in the conscious condition. Furthermore, table tennis athletes exhibited longer response time–slowing (RT-slowing) than non-athletes in the unconscious condition. At the neural level, table tennis athletes displayed shorter event-related potential N2 component latencies than non-athletes for all conditions. More importantly, athletes displayed larger no-go event-related potential P3 component amplitudes than non-athletes at both the conscious and unconscious levels. Discussion: The present study results suggested that table tennis athletes have superior conscious and unconscious response inhibition compared to non-athletes.
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Subjects: table tennis performance capacity regulation movement movement velocity reaction speed perception reaction
Notations: sport games
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5548
Published in: PeerJ
Published: 2018
Volume: 6
Issue: e5548
Pages: 1-21
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced