Speed and spin differences between the old celluloid versus new plastic table tennis balls and the effect on the kinematic responses of elite versus sub-elite player

This study measured 1) the speed and spin differences between the old celluloid versus new plastic table tennis balls at pre ball-table impact and post ball-table impact when projected with topspin at 7.56 m.s-1, and investigated 2) the effect this has on the kinematic responses of 5 elite versus 5 sub-elite playersÂ’ forehand topspin in response to topspin and backspin. Plastic ballswere lower in both speed and spin at pre and post ball-table impact compared with celluloid balls but the magnitude of change in speed and spin for each ball material differed. During flight before impact,plastic balls lost 3.98% more speed and 1.24% morespin than celluloid balls. Post ball-table impact, plastic balls showed a greater speed increment (0.69%) and smaller spin decrement (0.19%) than celluloid balls. Differences in playersÂ’ kinematic responses to the different ball materials were found only when players returned backspin shots. Players supinated their rackets more by 2.23% at ball-racket contact and produced 3.37% less ball spin when returning plastic compared with celluloid balls; an indication of an early adaptation to the lower spin rate of plastic balls. The lack of differences in kinematic response to topspin may be due to the similar changes in speed and spin of both types of ballsat ball-table impact. It is not known if a higher initial ball projection velocity would evoke differences in movement responses from the players post ball-table impact but could be explored in future studies.
© Copyright 2019 International Journal of Racket Sports Science. All rights reserved.

Subjects: table tennis sports equipment competition rules and regulations velocity rotation movement co-ordination
Notations: sport games sports facilities and sports equipment
Published in: International Journal of Racket Sports Science
Published: 2019
Volume: 1
Issue: 1
Pages: 26-36
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced