Allometric scale corrects performance outcomes in special judo fitness test

We compared results of Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT) performance of young athletes of two different age categories after correcting body mass (BM) variations by allometric scales. Thirty young judokas (14.2±3.6 years) belonging to two age categories underwent an SJFT: under 15 (U15) years old (12.1±2.4 years; 46.5±15.6 kg; 152.4±11.2 cm) and under 21 years old (U21) (18.2±0.8 years; 77.1±23.5 kg; 174.2±8.9 cm). Allometric exponents of -0.33 and 0.67 were used to correct the influence of BM variations on SJFT performance results. After correction using the –0.33 exponent, U21 showed a higher number of throws (TNT) than U15 (85.5±9.9 and 68.8±12.0, p<0.05, respectively), although the SJFT index had been similar between these groups (67.3±10.1 and 61.7±8.1, p>0.05, respectively). In contrast, TNT normalized by the 0.67 exponent was higher in U15 than U21 (1.55±0.29 and 1.17 ± 0.25, p<0.05, respectively). Likewise, the SJFT index was higher in U15 than in U21 when using the same exponent (1.55±0.29 and 1.17±0.25, p<0.05, respectively). In conclusion, the -0.33 exponent may be useful to remove the influence of BM variations, thus discriminating SJFT performance results in U15 and U21 judokas. Moreover, the 0.67 exponent may overestimate SJFT indices in low-age judokas.
© Copyright 2019 International Journal of Sports Medicine. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Subjects: judo test performance capacity performance youth juniors junior elite sport age
Notations: combat sports
DOI: 10.1055/a-0929-6985
Published in: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Published: 2019
Volume: 40
Issue: 12
Pages: 774-778
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced