Variation of salivary IgA during weight loss period before a competition among university judo players

Background: This study aims to investigate the health condition of university judo athletes during a period of weight loss before a competition, using secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in saliva. Methods: The subjects were 30 university judo athletes, who were divided into three groups: control group (n = 10), under 5% weight loss group (n = 10), and over 5% weight loss group (n = 10). The items evaluated were body weight measurements, salivary SIgA level and its secretion rates, incidences of symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections, and mental state. Results: The over 5% body weight loss group had significantly lower SIgA secretion rates on the first day and third day before the real competition compared to those of the control group. Furthermore, the over 5% body weight loss group had an increased number of symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections. Alterations in mental statuses were also seen, such as decreased vitality and increased fatigue on the day before the competition in the over 5% weight loss group. Conclusions: This study shows that over 5% body weight loss in judo athletes induces a decrease in the salivary SIgA secretion rate and causes health condition of the body and the mind to deteriorate.
© Copyright 2019 Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. Elmer Press. All rights reserved.

Subjects: judo regulation weight body indices tapering peaking for a competition competition hormone immunity
Notations: biological and medical sciences combat sports
DOI: 10.14740/jocmr3998
Published in: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Published: 2019
Volume: 11
Issue: 12
Pages: 798-806
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced