Risks factors for burnout among elite adolescent handball players

The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of self-determined motivation, anxiety and self-confidence on athlete burnout (Raedeke, 1997) in young elite handball players. A theoretical model based on the Self Determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2002) was proposed to analyse these relationships. This model postulates that the least self-determined forms of motivation might lead to serious negatives consequences, such as lower self-confidence, higher anxiety, lower vitality, higher burnout and higher intentions to dropout. It was hypothesized that an athlete with lower self-determined motivation would have higher anxiety, lower self-confidence, lower vitality, higher intentions to dropout, and would report higher risks to burnout at season’s end. Method: A sample of 309 French handball players (152 males and 157 females) participated in this study. They trained an average of 11 hours a week (SD = 3.5). Their average age was 15.4 years (SD = .90) and the average playing experience in their sport was 6.8 years (SD = 2.4). 62.1% were playing at a national level. These athletes completed a questionnaire twice during the season, measuring: (a) sport motivation (EMS; Brière, Vallerand, Blais & Pelletier, 1995), (b) anxiety and self-confidence (EEAC; Cury, Sarrazin, Pérès & Famose, 1999), (c) subjective vitality (SSV; Ryan & Frederick, 1997), (d) future sport intentions (Sarrazin, Vallerand & Guillet, 2002), and (e) athlete burnout (ABQ; Raedeke & Smith, 2001). Results / Discussion: A structural equation model (χ²/df = 2.18, RMSEA = .06, CFI = .95, NFI = .90) revealed that self-determination has (1) a mediating and (2) direct influence on burnout. (1) A player with lower self-determined motivation, higher anxiety, lower selfconfidence, lower vitality at the beginning of the season, expressed feeling a lack of accomplishment at season’s end. A player with lower vitality, higher intentions to dropout at the beginning of the season, had higher tendencies to devalue handball at the season’s end. These findings bring new elements to light in our understanding of the athlete burnout. (2) A player with lower self-determined motivation at the beginning of the season reported higher symptoms of burnout at the end of the season. These results confirm previous study findings in that lower self-determined motivation increases the risk of burnout in young elite athletes.
© Copyright 2009 14th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Oslo/Norway, June 24-27, 2009, Book of Abstracts. Published by The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences. All rights reserved.

Subjects: junior elite sport youth handball behaviour perception team disease load stress sports game motivation
Notations: social sciences sport games junior sports
Tagging: Burnout
Published in: 14th annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Oslo/Norway, June 24-27, 2009, Book of Abstracts
Editors: S. Loland, K. Boe, K. Fasting, J. Hallen, Y. Ommundsen, G. Roberts, E. Tsolakidis
Published: Oslo The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences 2009
Pages: 284
Document types: congress proceedings
Language: English
Level: advanced