Precision error in dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry body composition measurements in elite male rugby league players

Body composition analysis using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is becoming increasingly popular in both clinical and sports science settings. Obesity, characterized by high fat mass (FM), is associated with larger precision errors; however, precision error for athletic groups with high levels of lean mass (LM) are unclear. Total (TB) and regional (limbs and trunk) body composition were determined from 2 consecutive total body scans (GE Lunar iDXA) with re-positioning in 45 elite male rugby league players (age: 21.8 ± 5.4 yr; body mass index: 27.8 ± 2.5 kg/m). The root mean squared standard deviation (percentage co-efficient of variation) were TB bone mineral content: 24g (1.7%), TB LM: 321 g (1.6%), and TB FM: 280 g (2.3%). Regional precision values were superior for measurements of bone mineral content: 4.7–16.3 g (1.7–2.1%) and LM: 137–402 g (2.0–2.4%), than for FM: 63–299 g (3.1–4.1%). Precision error of DXA body composition measurements in elite male rugby players is higher than those reported elsewhere for normal adult populations and similar to those reported in those who are obese. It is advised that caution is applied when interpreting longitudinal DXA-derived body composition measurements in male rugby players and population-specific least significant change should be adopted.
© Copyright 2015 Journal of Clinical Densitometry. Elsevier. All rights reserved.

Subjects: rugby measuring procedure X-ray physique body indices
Notations: sport games
DOI: 10.1016/j.jocd.2015.04.008
Published in: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Published: 2015
Volume: 18
Issue: 4
Pages: 546–550
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced