Critical speed as a measure of aerobic fitness for male rugby union players

Purpose: To compare critical speed (CS) derived from all-out testing (AOT) for linear and shuttle running with metrics from a graded exercise test, the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 1 (YYIR1), and estimation of an 800-m-shuttle time trial. Methods: Twelve male rugby players completed a graded exercise test, the YYIR1, a linear AOT, shuttle AOTs of 25 and 50 m, and an 800-m-shuttle time trial consisting of 32 × 25-m shuttles. Results: Strong linear correlations were observed between maximum oxygen uptake (V.O2 max and CS (m/s) derived from the linear AOT (3.68 [0.62], r = .90, P < .01) and 50-m-shuttle AOT (3.19 [0.26], r = .83, P < .01). Conversely, V.O2 max showed lower correlations with speeds evoking CS from 25-m AOT (2.86 [0.18], r = .42, P = .18) and YYIR1 (4.36 [0.11], r = .55, P = .07). The 800-m time trial (213.58 [15.84] s) was best predicted using parameters from the 25-m AOT (r = .93, SEE = 6.60 s, P < .001). Conclusions: The AOT is a valuable method of assessing performance-specific fitness, with CS from linear and 50-m-shuttle AOTs being strong predictors of V.O2max, rivaling metrics from the graded exercise test. The YYIR1 offered limited utility compared with the AOT method.
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Subjects: rugby performance capacity aerobic index value velocity O2-uptake maximum test
Notations: sport games
Tagging: kritische Geschwindigkeit
DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2018-0411
Published in: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Published: 2019
Volume: 14
Issue: 4
Pages: 518-524
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced