Scheduling of training and recovery during the in-season weekly micro-cycle: Insights from team sport practitioners

The aim of this study was to determine the in-season micro-cycle scheduling strategies used in professional team sport with particular reference to the reasoning and perceptions that underpin current practice. An online survey was completed by 35 practitioners from professional collision (C; Australian rules football: n = 9; rugby league: n = 6; rugby union: n = 2) and non-collision (NC; soccer; n = 18) sports. Respondents identified a common 48 h post-match recovery period, with few scheduling training stimuli during this period (NC: range: 0–17%; C: range: 0–47%). The majority (C: 78%; NC: 89%) of resistance training sessions were concurrent in nature, often delivering resistance training in the afternoon following field-based training (C: 72%; NC: 92%). NC practitioners were less satisfied with the maintenance of strength, power and hypertrophy (33–44%) versus C sports (59–76%), reflected by the lower frequency of prescription reported (C: 2.4 ± 0.6; NC: 1.5 ± 0.9; p = .003). Cold water immersion following both matches and daily training was highly prevalent, as was the adoption of self-report tools to monitor recovery. The congested and concurrent nature of training prescription during the micro-cycle, together with the universal adoption of routine cold water immersion warrants further investigation to inform evidence-based prescription and scheduling of training and recovery modalities in professional team sports.
© Copyright 2019 European Journal of Sport Science. Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved.

Subjects: training planning training planning microcycle recovery load organization sports game rugby soccer American football strength training session competition period
Notations: training science sport games
DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2019.1595740
Published in: European Journal of Sport Science
Published: 2019
Volume: 19
Issue: 10
Pages: 1287-1296
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced