Psychophysiological study of the concentration period in shooting

The time period prior to the trigger pull is considered a preparatory period during which marksmen focus their attention on the target. Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) recording has been shown to reflect mental operations of movement preparation at a peripheral level. Such physiological indicators are considered reliable indicators in studying mental processes. ANS responses during both competition Simulation (concentration and shooting phases) and mental rehearsal can be analysed and compared. Fourteen participants took part in a modern pentathlon shooting competition and a motor imagery session. Five ANS parameters were simultaneously recorded in real time: skin potential, skin resistance, skin temperature, skin blood flow and instantaneous heart rate. Similar ANS response patterns were observed during concentration, shooting and imagery phases. A cardiac deceleration was recorded during both concentration and imagery phases and was related to an increase in focused attention. The earlier this deceleration was initiated, the poorer the shot.
© Copyright 2005 Journal of Human Movement Studies. Teviot-Kimpton. Published by Teviot Scientific Publications. All rights reserved.

Subjects: shooting target sports technical skill movement conception concentration coordinative ability modern pentathlon sport psychology sport physiology
Notations: training science biological and medical sciences technical sports
Published in: Journal of Human Movement Studies
Editors: W. J. Irvine
Published: Edinburgh Teviot Scientific Publications 2005
Edition: Edinburgh 48(2005)6
Volume: 48
Issue: 6
Pages: 417-435
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced