The effects of heat and dehydration on the performance of elite archers

Anecdotal evidence suggests a decrease in performance after prolonged heat exposure in skill-event athletes. This study investigated such an opinion in highly proficient archers. Ss (M = 4, F = 4) from the Olympic Archery training squad completed a sport-specific 18-arrow shoot off before the following randomized two-hour climate chamber trials: 1. cool and euhydrated (23 degrees Celsius; 40% relative humidity; water intake matching fluid losses); 2. hot (36 degrees Celsius) and euhydrated; and 3. hot and dehydrated (no water intake). There were no differences in performance between the conditions despite physiological response differences between genders and the conditions. Implication. A one-time exposure to hot and humid conditions combined with mild dehydration do not have a negative effect on archery performance.However, repeated exposures to heat and dehydration and their effects on skill performance have not been investigated.
© Copyright 1997 Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. All rights reserved.

Subjects: fluid climate performance temperature archery
Notations: technical sports
Published in: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Published: 1997
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: intermediate