Effect of expertise in shooting and Taekwondo on bipedal and unipedal postural control isolated or concurrent with a reaction-time task

It was hypothesized that training in ‘static balance’ or ‘dynamic balance’ sports has differential effects on postural control and its attention demands during quiet standing. In order to test this hypothesis, two groups of female athletes practicing shooting, as a ‘static balance’ sport, and Taekwondo, as a ‘dynamic balance’ sport, and a control group of non-physically active females voluntarily participated in this study. Postural control was assessed during bipedal and unipedal stance with and without performing a Go/No-go reaction time task. Visual and/or support surface conditions were manipulated in bipedal and unipedal stances in order to modify postural difficulty. Mixed model analysis of variance was used to determine the effects of dual tasking on postural and cognitive performance. Similar pattern of results were found in bipedal and unipedal stances, with Taekwondo practitioners displaying larger sway, shooters displaying lower sway and non-athletes displaying sway characteristics intermediate to Taekwondo and shooting athletes. Larger effect was found in bipedal stance. Single to dual-task comparison of postural control showed no significant effect of mental task on sway velocity in shooters, indicating less cognitive effort invested in balance control during bipedal stance. We suggest that expertise in shooting has a more pronounced effect on decreased sway in static balance conditions. Furthermore, shooters invest less attention in postures that are more specific to their training, i.e. bipedal stance.
© Copyright 2013 Gait and Posture. Elsevier. All rights reserved.

Subjects: taekwondo shooting posture balance leg steering reaction speed movement precision
Notations: technical sports combat sports training science
DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.11.016
Published in: Gait and Posture
Published: 2013
Volume: 38
Issue: 2
Pages: 226–230
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced