Biathlon shooting as a model from a biomechanical, kinesiological and sport psychological perspective - a multidisciplinary approach

INITIAL SITUATION: Since more than 15 years, shooting performance of Austrian and international biathletes is tested at the department of sport science and kinesiology of the University of Salzburg. The focus of diagnostics was attached to biomechanical parameters in order to provide knowledge about the athletes' shooting technique. This resulted in a refined practical knowledge about shooting in biathlon over the years. Consequently, it was pursued the goal to evaluate biomechanical data of shooting diagnostics scientifically. In the following years, conference papers, master theses and articles were published (e. g. Sattlecker, Buchecker, Birklbauer, Müller, & Lindinger, 2013; Sattlecker, Buchecker, Müller, & Lindinger, 2014). The intensive preoccupation with the aiming process of biathletes created the need to perform research from a multidisciplinary perspective. COMPLEXITY OF BIATHLON: The combination of cross country skiing with shooting offers the possibility to identify innovative research questions that go beyond the scope of peak performance. For example, the influence of fatigue on focused attention as it represents shooting is an issue that is addressed by biathlon coaches in our specific setting and is also of interest to researchers for answering basic research questions. Under the latter perspective, biathlon is regarded as a model to test basic theories in a setting of high ecological validity. ACTUAL STATE OF RESEARCH: A team of biomechanics, kinesiologists and sport psychologists developed a comprehensive test battery in order to cope with the multifaceted demands on biathletes at the rifle range. The test battery was administered to biathletes in August 2014. A further study was conducted in October 2014 with the purpose to investigate the influence of fatigue on shooting performance and the related changes in eletrocortical activity. The results of these examinations will be presented in this session. PERSPECTIVES: At present, we pursue a multidisciplinary approach. Each subgroup of the team aims at answering research question related to the epistemological concepts of their discipline. In future, we want to meet the requirements for interdisciplinary research. A framework will be presented that seems to be appropriate to achieve an interdisciplinary approach (Deinhammer & Group, 2003). Examples of the practical implementation in our shooting project will be provided. --- The hosting University of Jyväskylä is planning to publish conference proceedings "Science and Nordic Skiing III". In case you are interested in this publication please contact the editors (Anni Hakkarainen anni.s.j.hakkarainen@jyu.fi) to become registered for the book.
© Copyright 2015 3rd International Congress on Science and Nordic Skiing - ICSNS 2015. 5-8 June 2015, Vuokatti, Finland. Published by University of Jyväskylä; University of Salzburg. All rights reserved.

Subjects: biathlon shooting biomechanics sport psychology movement movement co-ordination technique performance test
Notations: endurance sports social sciences technical sports technical and natural sciences
Published in: 3rd International Congress on Science and Nordic Skiing - ICSNS 2015. 5-8 June 2015, Vuokatti, Finland
Editors: A. Hakkarainen, V. Linnamo, S. Lindinger
Published: Jyväskylä; Salzburg University of Jyväskylä; University of Salzburg 2015
Pages: 27
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced