Does confidence enhance performance? Causal evidence from professional biathlon
We analyze the e ect of self-confidence on performance using data from top-level professional biathlon competitions. Biathlon combines two independent tasks: cross-country skiing and rifle shooting. We exploit this dual nature of the sport by using weather conditions affecting performance on the skiing track as exogenous variation in confidence on the shooting range. Using round-level data on 254 competitions between 2009 and 2013, we show that the less confident athletes are, the worse their performance is on the shooting range. In particular, we estimate an increase of 0.525 standard deviations in missed shots for every standard deviation increase in our inverse self-confidence measure. E ects for women are estimated to be
generally smaller in magnitude and less robust.
© Copyright 2017 Working Paper No. 1718. All rights reserved.
|Subjects:||performance performance development high performance sport elite sport biathlon shooting psychic characteristics competition personality cognition|
|Notations:||endurance sports social sciences|
|Published in:||Working Paper No. 1718|
|Document types:||research paper