Recent changes in women’s Olympic shooting and effects in performance

In 2018, the Olympic shooting regulations were modified to increase the number of women’s shots from 40 to 60, equaling the number given to men. This research presented in this paper addresses two research issues: (1) has the performance of women’s shooting changed as a result of this increase in the number of shots? and (2) with the equalized number of shots in place, do women and men perform differently? This study included 292 shooters who competed in the 2016 and/or 2018 European Championships who all obtained top-50 results. Our sample included balanced quotas for sports (50% pistol and 50% rifle) and by category (50% women and 50% men). Both championships were held in the same facilities and in the same month of the season, but with the difference that in 2016, women had 40 shots and in 2018 they had 60 shots. We observed that women’s performances did not diminish for the pistol or the rifle category when their number of shots were increased. Men and women shot equally well with rifles, although the men’s performance with pistols was higher than that of women. We concluded that sports in which physical strength is a minor factor, as in the case of shooting, should revise their regulations in the interest of greater gender equality in sports.
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Subjects: shooting rifle shooting pistol shooting shot gun shooting female competition competition rules and regulations relation performance sex performance factor
Notations: technical sports
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216390
Published in: PLOSOne
Published: 2019
Volume: 14
Issue: 5
Pages: e0216390
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced