The influence of physiobiomechanical parameters, technical aspects of shooting, and psychophysiological factors on biathlon performance: A review

The biathlon, an Olympic sporting discipline that combines cross-country skiing with rifle marksmanship, entails considerable physiological demands, as well as fine motor control while shooting after intense exercise and under mental pressure. Although much of our knowledge about cross-country skiing is probably also applicable to the biathlon, carrying the rifle and shooting under stress make this discipline somewhat unique. The present review summarizes and examines the scientific literature related to biathlon performance, with a focus on physiological and biomechanical factors and shooting technique, as well as psychophysiological aspects of shooting performance. We conclude with suggestions for future research designed to extend our knowledge about the biathlon, which is presently quite limited.
© Copyright 2018 Journal of Sport and Health Science. Elsevier. All rights reserved.

Subjects: biathlon performance performance structure performance factor physiology sport physiology sport psychology technique shooting movement co-ordination biomechanics stress competition
Notations: endurance sports social sciences biological and medical sciences
DOI: 10.1016/j.jshs.2018.09.003
Published in: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Published: 2018
Volume: 7
Issue: 4
Pages: 394-404
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced