Changes in physical characteristics and performance of elite sailors following introduction of a sport science programme prior to the 1996 Olympic Games

The objective of this study was to examine changes in sailorsÂ’ physical characteristics during three different time periods immediately before the 1996 New Zealand Olympic trials, as a result of a newly introduced sport science programme. Twenty five (19 male and 6 female) Olympic development squad members volunteered as subjects and completed fitness tests at different times between April 1995 and March 1996 after being administered with individualised physical training programmes. Statistically significant improvements were observed in body weight, sum of skinfolds, flexibility (assessed using a sit-reach test), aerobic endurance (assessed using a maximal effort 2500 m rowing test) and strength (assessed as the maximum number of push-ups, pull-ups, and sit-ups that could be completed in 2 minutes) over the three time periods. Thus, physical training was effective in improving many aspects of sailorsÂ’ fitness, especially early in the sailing season as a result of pre-season training. Physical performance correlated poorly with both light and heavy wind racing performance. The results suggest that individually tailored training programmes will increase sailing specific fitness. However, it is impossible to know what proportions of racing performance can be attributed to physical fitness, skill, talent, and technology, therefore the effect of physical training on racing performance is difficult to determine.
© Copyright 1999 Journal of Physiological Anthropology. Japan Soc. Physiol. Anthropol.. All rights reserved.

Subjects: yachting high performance sport training science sport science promotion anthropometry performance training programme individual New Zealand
Notations: biological and medical sciences training science technical sports
Published in: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
Published: 1999
Volume: 18
Issue: 6
Pages: 211
Document types: article
Language: English
Level: advanced