Dietary nitrate does not enhance running performance in elite cross-country skiers

(Keine Leistungssteigerung durch die Aufnahme von Nahrungsnitrat bei Skilangläufern des Spitzenbereichs)

Purpose: The objective of this study is to examine the effects of acute ingestion of dietary nitrate on endurance running performance in highly trained cross-country skiers. Dietary nitrate has been shown to reduce the oxygen cost of submaximal exercise and improve tolerance of high-intensity exercise, but it is not known if this holds true for highly trained endurance athletes. Methods: Ten male junior cross-country skiers (VO2max ~70 mL/kg·min) each completed two trials in a randomized, double-blind design. Participants ingested potassium nitrate (614-mg nitrate) or a nitrate-free placebo 2.5 h before two 5-min submaximal tests on a treadmill at 10 km/h (~55% of VO2max) and 14 km/h (~75% of VO2max), followed by a 5-km running time trial on an indoor track. Results: Plasma nitrite concentrations were higher after nitrate supplementation (325 ± 95 nmol/L) compared with placebo (143 ± 59 nmol/L, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in 5-km time-trial performance between nitrate (1005 ± 53 s) and placebo treatments (996 ± 49 s, P = 0.12). The oxygen cost of submaximal running was not significantly different between placebo and nitrate trials at 10 km/h (both 2.84 ± 0.34 L/min) and 14 km/h (3.89 ± 0.39 vs. 3.77 ± 0.62 L/min). Conclusions: Acute ingestion of dietary nitrate may not represent an effective strategy for reducing the oxygen cost of submaximal exercise or for enhancing endurance exercise performance in highly trained cross-country skiers.
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Schlagworte: Ernährung ergogenes Mittel Supplementierung O2-Aufnahme Stoffwechsel Skilanglauf Relation Leistung
Notationen: Ausdauersportarten Biowissenschaften und Sportmedizin
Tagging: Nitrat
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182640f48
Veröffentlicht in: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Veröffentlicht: 2012
Jahrgang: 44
Heft: 11
Seiten: 2213-2219
Dokumentenarten: Artikel
Sprache: Englisch
Level: hoch