Estimating hydrodynamic forces acting on the hand during sculling in synchronized swimming

The characteristics of the hydrodynamic farces acting on the hand at different loads during sculling in synchronized swimming was estimated using a pressure distribution measuring method. One cycle of flat scull in a back layout position and support scull in a vertical position for one female national-level synchronized swimmer were analyzed. Results showed, at small loads in the flat scull, larger hydrodynamic force was observed during out-scull. As load increased, the hydrodynamic force increased during in-scull, and the values were observed to equalize between in-scull and out-scull. At all loads in the support scull, the larger value was observed during in-scull. It was apparent that in both sculls, the hydrodynamic force increased as the load increased, and the pressure on the dorsum of the hand decreased when large hydrodynamic force was generated.
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Subjects: biomechanics synchronized swimming hand strength measuring procedure hydrodynamics
Notations: technical and natural sciences technical sports
Published in: International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference Proceedings
Editors: M. Ae, Y. Enomoto, N. Fujii, H. Takagi
Published: Tsukuba International Society of Biomechanics in Sports 2016
Volume: 34
Issue: 1
Pages: 656-659
Document types: congress proceedings
electronical journal
article
Language: English
Level: advanced