Development of perfectionism in junior athletes: A three-sample study of coach and parental pressure

Perfectionism predicts cognitions, emotions, and behaviors in sport. Nonetheless, our understanding of the factors that influence its development is limited. The authors sought to address this issue by examining the role of coach and parental pressure in the development of perfectionism in sport. Using 3 samples of junior athletes (16-19 years; cross-sectional n = 212, 3-month longitudinal n = 101, and 6-month longitudinal n = 110), the authors examined relations between coach pressure to be perfect, parental pressure to be perfect, perfectionistic strivings, and perfectionistic concerns. Mini meta-analysis of the combined cross-sectional data (N = 423) showed that both coach pressure and parental pressure were positively correlated with perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. In contrast, longitudinal analyses showed that only coach pressure predicted increased perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns over time. Overall, our findings provide preliminary evidence that coaches may play a more important role in the development of junior athletes` perfectionism than parents.
© Copyright 2019 Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. Human Kinetics. All rights reserved.

Subjects: sport psychology rugby soccer coaching track and field stress junior elite sport
Notations: social sciences junior sports sport games
Tagging: Eltern-Athlet-Beziehung Eltern Perfektionismus
DOI: 10.1123/jsep.2018-0287
Published in: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Published: 2019
Volume: 41
Issue: 3
Pages: 167-175
Document types: article
electronical journal
Language: English
Level: advanced